The Righteous-Zalmoxian Donares > Dunăre of Dacia (Aethicus Ister), The Cosmography…*
Together with several co-nationals of the “golden generation” – Niceta Remesianu (the author of Pe Tine, Doamne, Te lăudăm… / Te, Deum, laudamus… / We Praise Thee, O God…, the hymn of the entire Christianity, a Pelasgian > Wallachian saint who ascended into heaven in the year 416 A.D., from the episcopal office at Remesiana / South-Danubian Dacia), Laurenţiu de Novae / Laurentius of Novae (the author of famous homilies amongst which On Penitence / De poenitentia, On Alms / De eleemosyna etc., the bishop who ascended into heaven while holding the office at Novae-Moesia / South-Danubian Dacia, in the year 418 A.D., after having extirpated, at the epistolary recommendation from Pope Innocent I, the Fotinian-Arian heresy upspringing in his eparchy), Auxenţiu Durostoreanu / Auxentius Durostorensis / Auxentius of Durostorum (the bishop at Durostorum-Moesia, in South-Danubian Dacia, who authored, in the year 383 A. D., the Letter on Ulfilas’ Creed, Life, and Death / Epistula de fide, vita et obitu Ulfilae, and died in the year 420 A.D.), the Blessed Hieronymus of Stridon-Dacia / Saint Jerome (the translator of the Bible from Hebrew into Latin, between 390 and 405 A.D, who ascended to heaven on 30th September 420 A.D.), Ioan Cassian / Saint John Cassian (the author of the 24 famous Collations of Fathers / Collationes Sanctorum Patrum / Convorbiri duhovniceşti, a Pelasgian > Wallachian saint who went to sleep in heavenly peace on 23rd July 435 A.D.) a. s. o. –, the Righteous-Zalmoxian Donares > Dunăre of Dacia, better-known, within the imperial Latinophone area in particular, by his name translated as Aethicus Ister (c. 21st June 424 A. D. − 30th September 499 A. D.) represented and is still stately shining – due to his extremely valuable and to the remarkable circuit of his interdisciplinary / encyclopedic work, the Cosmography, written in the horizon of the year 466 A. D., directly after returning from the “five-year circumnavigation of the Earth solely on seas and oceans” – not only the dawns of the humanist universalism but also the culture / the spirituality of the Pelasgian > Wallachian People, one of the largest peoples of Europe and, at the same time, one of the oldest and most ruthlessly disfavoured throughout the course of history, winnowed and scattered by the empires treading on these parts of the world.
Throughout the 38 sections / chapters of the introductory study, the Righteous-Zalmoxian Donares > Dunăre of Dacia (Aethicus Ister) – a rediscoverer of America and re-circumnavigator of the Earth between the horizons of the years 461 and 465 A. D., we have pointed out, in the first place, the fact that, within the Pelasgian / Wallachian space, (1) the important hydronym Donares > Dunăre / Danube is, at the same time, a distinguished onomastic term, the name of Dacia’s great philosopher and explorer being an indisputable proof, and we further emphasized the fact that (2) his family belonged to the Wallachian nobility, that (3) at his parents’ Wallachian-Dacian / Zalmoxian nobiliary domain at Histria > Istria in the Pontic-Danubian-Dacia – the Dunogaetia > Dynogaetia / Dinogeţia province, whose name was changed into Scythia Minor (“Lesser Scythia”), some time after the conquest of South-Danubian Dacia by the Roman Empire, that he was born at Histria > Istria around the summer solstice of the year 424 A. D. (according to the “internal arguments” in his encyclopedic work, the Cosmography) and passed away after the autumn equinox, around 30th September 499 A. D., that (4) his traditionally Pelasgian appellation due to his good fame, the “Righteous-Zalmoxian” / the “Hallowed-Zalmoxian” was consistently translated in the Latin-Mediterranean world as Aethicus, owing, to a great extent, to the Kogaionic-Sarmizegetusan Institution of the Zalmoxian Knights which was highly revered by the people, even “sacralized”, each representative being treated, during his lifetime, as a king-god-physician, or, to be more accurate, as rex histrianorum, while posthumously he was heroized / deified, as it is recorded on more than three thousand votive and funerary reliefs found all over Buresbista’s Dacia and Regalian’s Dacia, and that, furthermore, many historians – amongst whom Manfred Oppermann – consider the heroization / deification of the Zalmoxian Knight as the expression of an archaic monotheism, specific to the Pelasgo- > Wallachian-Dacian area, that, unquestionably, (5) the Righteous-Zalmoxian Donares > Dunăre of Dacia (Aethicus Ister) is a nation native of the Pelasgo- > Wallachian-Dacians, as the documents in his epoch certify, that (6) Histria > Istria in the Pontic-Danubian Dacia during the century of the Righteous-Zalmoxian Donares (Aethicus Ister), has also preserved until nowadays the proofs according to which, there was a transmutation from the “horseshoe-shaped” buildings belonging to the High Schools of Zalmoxian Knights to the “semicircular” altars in today’s Christian (Cosmico-Wallachian) churches, that (7) the 23-letter phonetic alphabet in use in Dacia − and in the encyclopedic / interdisciplinary work, the Cosmography, by the Righteous-Zalmoxian Donares > Dunăre of Dacia (Aethicus Ister) − represents the multimillennial fruit of the semantic-syncretic winding of the sign all over Dacia’s spiritual space, starting from the rupestral, or from the ceramic pictograms and ideograms, dating from the Paleolithic and the Neolithic Ages, “assembled” or not “into mythotexts”, to symbols / letters etc., which were transmitted through the penultimate text unit (Ut-768, infra) −
/ Alamon (1), / Becah (2), / Cathu (3), / Delfoy (4), / Efothu (5), / Fomethu (6), / Garfou (7), / Hethmu (8), / Iosithu (9), / Kaithu (10), / Lethfu (11), / Malathy (12), / Nabaleth (13), / Ozechi (14), / Chorizech (15), / Phythyrin (16), / Salathi (17), / Intalech (18), / Thothymos (19), / Azathot (20), / Reque (21), / Yrchoni (22) şi / Zothychin (23),
accompanied, needless to say, by “the sacred key of the names of all these letters encompassed in the 19th one,
/ Thothymos (< Totu- “all” / the “whole” + -mos / moş “the aged”, the “Aged-Sun” = “Dacia’s God / the God of the Pelasgo- > Wallachian-Dacians”),
in the Pelasgian > Wallachian language being uttered as “totumosh” / “totumoş”, the significance arising from semantically respecting the two constitutive elements (supra): “The whole is the Aged-Sun”, which, on the whole, relates to the Zalmoxian nucleus-teaching: God is One / the Sacred Cosmic Whole in which each and every Pelasgo- > Wallachian-Dacian (an indisputable sacred part-of-the-Sole-God / the-Cosmic-Whole), as the immaculate, healthsome, lively-princely-charming part (of all the others, from the heart / the stone to the Star / the Moon) must reveal itself in accomplishing with a view to attain immortality.
As for the remaining sections / chapters (8 − 38) of the introductory study, we have attemped to reconstitute / follow the “stretches” (specifying the “landmarks”, the insular ones in particular, in almost each title) the oldest circumnavigation of the Earth, “solely on seas and oceans”, an ancient journey around the Earth carried out on the “classic sailing ships” between the horizons of the years 461 – 465 A. D., by the 101 skilled Pelasgo- > Wallachian-Dacian seamen (as genuine “Immortal-Kogaionic Warriors” / “Knights of Zalmoxianism”), under the guidance of the great explorer and philosopher, the Righteous-Zalmoxian Donares > Dunăre of Dacia (Aethicus Ister): (9) From the Pontic-Danubian Dacia − Donares’ native harbour-town of Histria > Istria − about the vernal equinox, 20th March 461 A. D., southwards, to Dacibuzes > Dacybuzes, whence they sailed on the right-hand side to the newish-great harbour, Constantinusa (Constantinople / Istanbul); (10) From Constantinusa > Istanbul to the island of “Soare-Moş” / the “Aged-Sun” (“Samos / the God in Thracia”), Samo[s]t[h]rācia > Samothraki; (11) From Samo[s]t[h]rācia > Samothraki to the Pelasgian Crete; (12) From the Pelasgian Crete to Syracuse / Sicily, then, along Aetna / Ethna / Etna, to further navigate the straits between Scylla and Charybdis; (13) Along the volcanic Aeolian / Eolie Islands, between Sardinia and Corsica, to Massalia > Marseille; (14) From Massalia > Marseille to the Balearic Islands, at Majorca (Mallorca); (15) From the Island of Mallorca, between the Pillars of Hercules / Gibraltar to the Atlantic harbour of Gādēs > Cádiz; (16) From Gādēs > Cádiz, “keeping on the right-hand side”, along the Iberian Atlantic shore, with short scrutinising stops at promontories, towards Hibernia / Ireland; (17) From Hibernia northwards, along the archipelagoes known as the Orkney Islands and the Shetland Islands, further beyond the Island Biza / Bjørnøya (the “Bear Island”), in the proper archipelago Bizae (or Insulae Byssiōrum – “The Islands of the Linen-Handkerchiefs”) / Svalbard (known in the Middle Ages under the name of Thule, or Tyle), whence he makes the return journey to the new basis, while also “swerving” his way to the mysterious islands of the near-Orkney North-West; (18) From the Hibernia “stop”, southwards, with the other two sailing ships, to the English Channel and further to the North Sea, in the Donaresian mission of interdisciplinary research of the island chain in Magna Frisia / Fritsia > Friţia Mare (“Great Frisia”); (19) The Righteous-Zalmoxian Donares > Dunăre of Dacia (Aethicus Ister) between the Orkney Archipelago (Orkney Islands) and the “Trodden Rocks” Islands / Betotirite (Shetland Islands) from around 25th / 28th October 461 to around 20th March 462 A. D.; (20) From the “Trodden Rocks” Islands / Betotirite (Shetlands Islands) to the “Steep” Islands / “Insulele Râparice” / Faroe Islands – a Donaresian maritime route of 298 km; (21) From Rifaricae / Rîparice Archipelago / Færøerne / Faroe Islands to the island Riakeon / “Răcoanea” (“Great Crawfish”) / Iceland; (22) The “Rediscovery“ of the largest of the North-American islands, Crisolita / Greenland, around 12th June 462 A.D.; (23) From Crisolita’s / Greenlandic Inuits (in Nuuk) and those on the Baffin Island (at Pond Inlet), seemingly “on an ancient Arctic interisland navigable passage” (“in the summer of every five year”, or the year of sending Dacia’s Messenger to God, “a round trip” without fail), as far as the Inuits in Paulatuuk-Inuvik; (24) The Donaresians advance along the Alaskan Artic shore, bathing in the fascinating green light, of Hiarca, that is the Aurora Borealis; (25) From the Eskimos in Pont Hope / Alaska to the Koryaks (Koriaks) in Chormacinata > Kamceatka (Kamchatka); (26) The Righteous-Zalmoxian Donares > Dunăre of Dacia (Aethicus Ister) makes acquaintance with the people of the “serene / bright poetry” in Gadaronta / Japan; (27) From Gadaronte (the Japanese Islands) to Guam > Choa[m], near Abyssus Magnus / the Mariana Trench; (28) Amongst the “great volcanoes” in the Philippine Islands, to Calaopa < Calapan; (29) From Calapan (the Philippine Archipelago), in “the Navel of the Sun” in South Syrtinice (Java-Indonesia), at Tegal; (30) From Syrtinice Islands (Java and Sumatra) to Taprobane Island (Sri Lanka); (31) From Taprobane (Ceylon / Sri Lanka) to Trabundia Minor / Rubra between the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea (Socotra); (32) From Trabundia Rubra / Minor (Socotra) to the island of Trabundia Magna / Madagascar, at Morondava (“Dava Moronilor”); (33) From the Indian Ocean (Oceanus Indicus / Aethiopicum Mare), from Morondava (Trabundia Major / Madagascar), towards Hisperia, to the Cape of Good Hope (Hesperi Cornu), in Atlanticus Oceanus; (34) In quest / search of the volcanic islands of the Hisperia / Hesperides Insulae, as far as the Atlantic island of St. Helena; (35) Across the “Atlantic Equator” and advancing through Africa’s Cape Verde archipelago, called Hisperia / Hesperides Insulae; (36) From Hisperia (Hesperides Insulae), through the Fortunate Isles (Fortunates Insulae / the Canary Archipelago), with a stop at Ninguaria / Tenerife, then further on the Atlantic route to the „African side” of the Straits of Gibraltar, at Tingis > Tangier; (37) From Tingis > Tangier (Mauritania Tingitana / Morocco) to Egypt’s Alexandria; and the “last stretch” (38) From Alexandria-Egypt to Histria > Istria, in the Pontic-Danubian Dacia.
According to the internal arguments in his encyclopedic / interdisciplinary work, the Cosmography, written after circumnavigating the Earth, in the horizon of the year 466 A. D., the Righteous-Zalmoxian Donares > Dunăre of Dacia (Aethicus Ister) was already the author of several interesting “books” / “papyruses” in his maternal language, the Pelasgian > the Wallachian, which were likely to have been translated into the official Latin language of the Roman Empire, in the following chronological order:
(1) Poems / Carmina, particularly the odes to the five elements of the world’s fundamentals: Air, Water, Fire, Wood / Ether, Earth, created between 440 − 466 d. H.;
(2) The Crafts’ Field / Rure artium, from the horizon of the year 460 A. D., the Pontic-Danubian Dacia (Scythia Minor), the harbour-town of Histria > Istria (today, Istria Commune, in the Constanţa County-România);
(3) Quaestionaries / Quaestionarii, from the horizon of the year 460 A. D., the Pontic-Danubian Dacia (Scythia Minor), the harbour-town of Histria > Istria (today, Istria Commune, in the Constanţa County-România), a work of an encyclopedic / interdisciplinary character, undoubtedly polyglottic, to be used “on the spot” as well, created between 461 – 465 d. H., including the mother tongues of the people questioned on the Britannic-Celto-Germanic islands / lands, thus achieving (with the help of his crew / “his disciples”) the interdisciplinary legwork inquiry-based investigations
(the term qu[a]estionarius, denoting “issues and investigations / interdisciplinary legwork research work”, was coined by the Righteous-Zalmoxian Donares / Aethicus Ister, in the horizon of the year 460 A. D., first in his maternal Pelasgian > Wallachian language through derivation – chestion- < chestioane “a major matter” + the active suffix -ar –, subsequently adapting the “newborn Pelasgian > Wallachian word”, chestionar, to the imperial Latin language: qu[a]estionarius);
(4) Catalogue-which-has-preserved-the-good-order / Explicatus Cathalocus Conpescuit, “a notebook / travelogue with notes from both books and travels”, between the horizons of the years 461 and 465 A. D., representing the groundwork for his famous encyclopedic work (cf. Ut-762).
After having returned from his round-the-world journey on seas / oceans with his crew of Zalmoxian Knights, between the horizons of the years 461 and 465 A. D., the Righteous-Zalmoxian Donares > Dunăre of Dacia (Aethicus Ister) writes − in the horizon of the year 466 A. D. − his encyclopedic / interdisciplinary work, the Cosmography, structuring his material into the following “golden decade”:
I On the Amorphous Matter / De informe materia (Ut-6 − Ut-26 / cf. AethK-93, pp. 88 − 94);
II On the Boulder [of Amorphous Matter] Itself and On the Bestowing Stature / De ipsa massa ac statua (Ut-27 − Ut-27 / cf. AethK-93, pp. 94 − 117);
III On the Aquilon Peoples [of Europe and Asia]… / De gentibus [Eurōpae et Asiae] ad Aquilonem… / (Ut-132 / AethK-93, pp. 117 sq.);
IV On the Knowledge About the Peoples and the Position of Their Islands / De gentium peritia insularumque positione (Ut-134 − Ut-242 / AethK-93, pp. 118 − 141);
V On the Investigation of Unknown Ships… / De navibus ignotis indagatione… (Ut-255 − Ut-289 / AethK-93, pp. 144 − 150);
VI On the Islands of Peoples and of Manifold Craftsmanship / De insulis gentium plurimarumque artium (Ut-305 − Ut-380 / AethK-93, pp. 154 − 167);
VII On Matters / Complaints which Other Works Omit to Relate / De questionibus que alia scriptura non narrat (Ut-382 − Ut-695 / AethK-93, pp. 167 − 229);
VIII On the Founded City [Rome], followed by On the Oriental and Southern Peoples / De Orbe > Urbe [Roma] condita et postmodum orientalium ac loca meridiana (Ut-696 − Ut-760 / AethK-93, pp. 229 − 242);
IX On Blowing Winds and Water Movements / De flatu ventorum et aquarum motione (Ut-763 / AethK-93, p. 242 sq.); and
X On the Earth and Down Watercourses, or the Groundwater (the Phreatic Zone) / De Terra et aquarum decursu vel venis aquarum (Ut-764 − Ut-766 / AethK-93, p. 243).
Amongst “the ten poetic samples above” there resides the harmonization within the golden decade of the parts / sections (chapters / subchapters) of the encyclopedic whole, or, more precisely, the “wedding” of the five pairs of loops (the “rising loop” and the “descending loop”) framing the entire spiral of the Cosmography, written by the Righteous-Zalmoxian Donares > Dunăre of Dacia (Aethicus Ister), from the horizon of the year 466 A. D., each of the five “pairs of loops” reverberating with one of the five elements of the cosmic foundation, Air, Water, Fire, Wood, Earth (since “there’s nothing else beyond ten, but all’s due to start again” and, therefore, X: De Terra… stands for both “closing” and “opening”).
Thus, after 297 years, in the spring horizon of the year 763 A. D., a counsellor, or, possibly, Pope Paul I himself / Papa Paulus (Episcopus Romanus: 29th May 757 – 28th June 767 A. D.) entrusted the Benedictine Hierönymus Presbyter of Freising-Bavaria (cca. 709 – 780 A. D.) with the mission of transliterating (from the Latin into which the author had translated his encyclopedic / interdisciplinary work from his mother tongue, the Pelasgian > the Wallachian, yet his text having been calligraphed in the 23-letter Pelasgo- > Wallachian-Dacian phonetic alphabet, into the Latin which possessed an etymologically Latin alphabet), then the task of Christianisingly censoring (“abbreviating”) and further of multiplying − at the School of Copyists / Scribes of the Freising Abbey – the encyclopedia entitled the Cosmography, by the Righteous-Zalmoxian Donares > Dunăre of Dacia (Aethicus Ister).
We remind the Distinguished Reader that from the encyclopedic / interdisciplinary work written in the horizon of the year 466 A. D., the Cosmography, by the Righteous-Zalmoxian Donares > Dunăre of Dacia (Aethicus Ister), there have been handed down – “in disarray” / “conjointly” − to the time of our present edition, through the “abbreviated-Christianised Cosmography” of the year 763 A. D., due to Hierönymus Presbyter of Freising-Bavaria, 769 “text units” (cf. AethK-93, pp. 87 − 244) of which 557 belong to the great Pelasgo > Wallachian-Dacian philosopher / explorer, while 212 belong to the Freising-Bavarian “Christianising-censor”. Consequently, in our present book, the 557 text units represent inalienable parts of the Cosmography, by the Righteous-Zalmoxian Donares > Dunăre of Dacia (Aethicus Ister) − dating from the horizon of the year 466 A. D. − while 212 text units are (except for the few imperious Donaresian quotes which we indicated by using the “rigorous quotation marks”) “owned” by Hierönymus Presbyter of Freising-Bavaria; the Hieronymic-Presbyterian complex sentences having a “prefatory” / “commentative” character, or merely expressing opinions, judgments, have been organised into what stands for the Preface / Praefātum, in the horizon of the year 763 A. D.; the “Christianising excerpts” from the Bible, the “harpoon- sentences / complex sentences”, particularly the ones resulting from verbum dicendi, the “clichés” etc. have been placed, whenever the case, as notes especially marked (by [*]), under each text unit (as it has been specified in the “Note on the Edition”).
* The Righteous-Zalmoxian Donares > Dunăre of Dacia (Aethicus Ister), The Cosmography, edition, introductory study, chronological table, notes and translation from the Latin language into the Pelasgian > Wallachian (Dacoromanian) language, by Prof. Ion Pachia-Tatomirescu, Doctor of Philology, Timişoara-România, Waldpress Publishing House (ISBN 978-606-614-239-7), 2019 (Summary), pp. 665−670.